Circular containers of various aspect ratios a with flat free upper liquid surfaces were heated from below under microgravity to generate the Marangoni instability (MI). We realized “liquid lateral sidewalls” for the containers to come near to the “slippery sidewalls” introduced by Rosenblat et al. (J Fluid Mech 120:91–122, 1982a) and Echebarría et al. (Physica D 99:487–502, 1997), henceforth referred to as RHD and EKP, respectively. The flow structure was visualized by aluminium flakes and recorded on videotape. The MI was clearly observed in all containers above a critical Marangoni number Ma c which depends on a. In the first microgravity experiment in a container with a=7.5, we found significant convective heat transport and reported a Nusselt number Nu=1.8 for Ma=4×Ma c . In a second microgravity experiment with containers with a=0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 4.0 and 5.0, various flow structures (azimuthal and radial wave numbers) were observed, depending on a and Ma. The observed scenario compares qualitatively well with the stability curves calculated by RHD and EKP. Frequent switching between modes (2,1) and (1,1) was observed in the container with a=2 at supercritical Ma that is exactly the case for which this behaviour was predicted by EKP for reduced gravity.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 24, 2006
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera