Marangoni convection in evaporating meniscus with changing contact angle

Marangoni convection in evaporating meniscus with changing contact angle In this work, the Marangoni convection in the liquid phase of an evaporating meniscus interface in open air has been studied for varying contact angles. Ethanol undergoes self-evaporation inside a capillary tube of borosilicate glass with internal diameter of 1 mm. The evaporation is not uniform along the meniscus interface pinned at the capillary tube mouth, and this creates a gradient of temperature between the wedge and the centre of the meniscus. It is this temperature difference and the scale (1 mm) that generate a gradient of surface tension that is acknowledged to drive the vigorous Marangoni convection in the meniscus liquid phase. In previous studies of this configuration, the meniscus has mainly been concave and for this reason, other researchers attributed the differential temperature along the meniscus to the fact that the meniscus wedge is closer to the tube mouth and also further away from the warmer liquid bulk than the meniscus centre. The present study investigates concave, flat and convex meniscus by using a syringe pump that forces the meniscus to the wanted shape. With the present investigation, we want to further demonstrate that it is instead the larger evaporation at the meniscus triple line near the wedge that controls the phenomenon. Flow visualization and infrared temperature measurements have been performed. For concave and convex meniscus, the temperature measurements are in line with the predicted trend; the Marangoni vortices for these two menisci shapes spin in the same direction according to the temperature differences along the meniscus. For a flat meniscus, an intriguing experimental evidence has been found: the temperature difference is inverted with respect to concave and convex menisci, but surprisingly, the Marangoni vortices spin in the same direction than for concave and convex menisci. Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Marangoni convection in evaporating meniscus with changing contact angle

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2014 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial