Chronic morphine exposure results in physical dependence, manifested by physical symptoms during naloxone-precipitated withdrawal. Jumping frequency is widely considered the most sensitive and reliable index of withdrawal intensity in mice. Inbred mouse strains surveyed for naloxone-precipitated withdrawal display large and significant strain differences in jumping frequency, including an approximately tenfold difference between C57BL/6 and 129P3 mice. In the present study, (B6 × 129)F2 hybrid mice were given daily morphine injections for four days using an escalating dosing schedule, and naloxone-precipitated withdrawal on day 5 was measured. A full-genome scan for linkage to phenotypic data was performed using polymorphic microsatellite markers. Significant linkage was observed between withdrawal jumping frequencies and a 28 cM-wide region of Chromosome 1 (32–60 cM; peak at 51 cM), accounting for 20% of the overall phenotypic variance. Two other suggestive QTLs were found, on Chromosomes 5 and 10, and an additive model fitting all three loci accounted for 43% of the total variance. F2 mice were also assessed for changes in morphine analgesic potency using the tail-withdrawal test in dose–response studies on days 1 and 4. No linkage was observed between Chromosomes 1, 5, and 10 and morphine analgesic tolerance, suggestive of genetic dissociation of naloxone-precipitated withdrawal from morphine and chronic morphine intake per se. The significant quantitative trait locus for naloxone-precipitated withdrawal severity in morphine-dependent mice, which we name Depmq1, may prove to be of considerable heuristic value once the underlying gene or genes are identified.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera