Mapping genes controlling hematocrit in the spontaneously hypertensive rat

Mapping genes controlling hematocrit in the spontaneously hypertensive rat The genes that determine the baseline hematocrit level in humans and experimental animals are unknown. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), the most widely used animal model of human essential hypertension, exhibits an increased hematocrit when compared with the normotensive Brown Norway (BN-Lx) strain (0.54 ± 0.02 vs. 0.44 ± 0.02, p < 0.01). Distribution of hematocrit values among recombinant inbred (RI) strains derived from SHR and BN-Lx progenitors was continuous, which suggests a polygenic mode of inheritance. The narrow heritability of the hematocrit was estimated to be 0.32. The Eno2 marker on Chromosome (Chr) 4 showed the strongest association (p < 00001) with the observed variability of hematocrit among RI strains. The erythropoietin (Epo) gene, originally reported to be syntenic with Eno2, has been mapped to Chr 12, thus excluding it as a potential candidate gene for the increased hematocrit in the SHR. The current linkage data extend homologies between rat, mouse, and human chromosomes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Mapping genes controlling hematocrit in the spontaneously hypertensive rat

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Anatomy; Zoology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003359900452
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The genes that determine the baseline hematocrit level in humans and experimental animals are unknown. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), the most widely used animal model of human essential hypertension, exhibits an increased hematocrit when compared with the normotensive Brown Norway (BN-Lx) strain (0.54 ± 0.02 vs. 0.44 ± 0.02, p < 0.01). Distribution of hematocrit values among recombinant inbred (RI) strains derived from SHR and BN-Lx progenitors was continuous, which suggests a polygenic mode of inheritance. The narrow heritability of the hematocrit was estimated to be 0.32. The Eno2 marker on Chromosome (Chr) 4 showed the strongest association (p < 00001) with the observed variability of hematocrit among RI strains. The erythropoietin (Epo) gene, originally reported to be syntenic with Eno2, has been mapped to Chr 12, thus excluding it as a potential candidate gene for the increased hematocrit in the SHR. The current linkage data extend homologies between rat, mouse, and human chromosomes.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2009

References

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