Genetic studies in experimental crosses derived from the inbred Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat model of spontaneous diabetes mellitus have identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) for diabetes phenotypes in a large region of rat Chromosome (RNO) 1. To test the impact of GK variants on QTL statistical and biological features, we combined genetic and physiologic studies in a cohort of F2 hybrids derived from a QTL substitution congenic strain (QTLSCS) carrying a 110-cM GK haplotype of RNO1 introgressed onto the genetic background of the Brown Norway (BN) strain. Glucose intolerance and altered insulin secretion in QTLSCS rats when compared with BN controls were consistent with original QTL features in a GK × BN F2 cross. Segregating GK alleles in the QTLSCS F2 cross account for most of these phenotypic differences between QTLSCS and BN rats. However, significant QTL for diabetes traits in both the QTLSCS and GK × BN F2 cohorts account for a similar small proportion of their variance. Comparing results from these experimental systems provides indirect estimates of the contribution of genetic interactions and environmental factors to QTL architecture as well as locus and biological targets for future post-QTL mapping studies in congenic substrains.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 12, 2006
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