The morphology of supported planar bilayers has been investigated below phase transition temperature by atomic force microscopy in contact and tapping mode. The bilayers were formed by the vesicle-spreading technique. In contact mode at low scanning forces of about 1 nN true molecular resolution could be achieved for supported phosphatidylcholine bilayers. The resolution was confirmed by experiments that captured the location, average area of individual lipid headgroups and the manipulation of the bilayer surface. Repeated scanning in contact mode shifted the random topology of the surface consecutively to a striped pattern. Height profiles of defect-containing bilayers were analyzed. The shape of the defects became smooth by repeated scanning. The height profiles allowed the estimation of the indentation of the tip into the surface-adsorbed membrane. In tapping mode a disordered pattern of headgroups became visible. Our morphological data at molecular resolution suggest that the native arrangement of the choline headgroups is disordered, free of large packing defects and becomes ordered in Schallamach waves by scanning in contact mode.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 1998
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera