Management of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia

Management of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia With the introduction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has become from a detrimental to one of the most curable malignant diseases in humans. In particular, the chemotherapy-free regimen with ATO/ATRA has been proven to be highly effective in de novo APL and has become standard first-line therapy in younger adult, non-high-risk patients. Nevertheless, early death is still a major issue in APL, particularly in older patients, emphasizing the need of rapid diagnostics and supportive care together with immediate access to ATRA-based therapy. Despite the dramatic progress achieved in therapy of APL challenging situations occur, particularly in patients excluded from controlled studies with clinical knowledge mainly based on case reports and registries. Rapid identification and treatment of newly diagnosed patients as well as the management of toxicities and complications remain challenging. We offer up-to-date information and guidance regarding treatment of APL. Based on a literature review of existing scientific evidence we also discuss the approach to high-risk, elderly, pregnant and pediatric patients, treatment in patients with renal failure as well as of therapy-related or relapsed/refractory APL. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Leukemia Springer Journals

Management of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia

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Publisher
Nature Publishing Group UK
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general; Internal Medicine; Intensive / Critical Care Medicine; Cancer Research; Oncology; Hematology
ISSN
0887-6924
eISSN
1476-5551
D.O.I.
10.1038/s41375-018-0139-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

With the introduction of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has become from a detrimental to one of the most curable malignant diseases in humans. In particular, the chemotherapy-free regimen with ATO/ATRA has been proven to be highly effective in de novo APL and has become standard first-line therapy in younger adult, non-high-risk patients. Nevertheless, early death is still a major issue in APL, particularly in older patients, emphasizing the need of rapid diagnostics and supportive care together with immediate access to ATRA-based therapy. Despite the dramatic progress achieved in therapy of APL challenging situations occur, particularly in patients excluded from controlled studies with clinical knowledge mainly based on case reports and registries. Rapid identification and treatment of newly diagnosed patients as well as the management of toxicities and complications remain challenging. We offer up-to-date information and guidance regarding treatment of APL. Based on a literature review of existing scientific evidence we also discuss the approach to high-risk, elderly, pregnant and pediatric patients, treatment in patients with renal failure as well as of therapy-related or relapsed/refractory APL.

Journal

LeukemiaSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 24, 2018

References

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