Introduction Bloodstream infections (BSI) are frequent infections worldwide. Our objective was to explore variation in the management of patients with BSI by infection specialists in France and Germany. Methods This work is part of an international ESCMID cross-sectional internet-based questionnaire survey that was opened from December 2016 to February 2017. All hospital-based infection specialists, senior or trainees, giving at least weekly advice on positive blood cultures could participate. Their practices were evaluated using six clinical vignettes presenting an uncomplicated BSI due to different pathogens. Results A hundred and ninety-six professionals (125 from Germany and 71 from France) participated. Systematic expert advice for positive blood cultures was more often available in Germany as compared with France (73 vs. 56%, p = 0.004). In Germany, the professional providing the expert advice was more often a microbiologist or a pharmacist as compared with France (p = 0.001 and p = 0.037, respectively) where it was more often an infectious diseases specialist. Fewer Ger- man respondents reported to advise systematic IV-oral switch of antibiotic therapy. German respondents also recommended less often combination therapy: for example for Enterococcus faecalis (64 vs. 43%, p = 0.015), ESBL E. coli (94 vs. 67%, p < 0.001) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (76 vs. 37%, p < 0.001). Overall, management of
Infection – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 3, 2018
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