Management of bloodstream infections by infection specialists in France and Germany: a cross-sectional survey

Management of bloodstream infections by infection specialists in France and Germany: a... Introduction Bloodstream infections (BSI) are frequent infections worldwide. Our objective was to explore variation in the management of patients with BSI by infection specialists in France and Germany. Methods This work is part of an international ESCMID cross-sectional internet-based questionnaire survey that was opened from December 2016 to February 2017. All hospital-based infection specialists, senior or trainees, giving at least weekly advice on positive blood cultures could participate. Their practices were evaluated using six clinical vignettes presenting an uncomplicated BSI due to different pathogens. Results A hundred and ninety-six professionals (125 from Germany and 71 from France) participated. Systematic expert advice for positive blood cultures was more often available in Germany as compared with France (73 vs. 56%, p = 0.004). In Germany, the professional providing the expert advice was more often a microbiologist or a pharmacist as compared with France (p = 0.001 and p = 0.037, respectively) where it was more often an infectious diseases specialist. Fewer Ger- man respondents reported to advise systematic IV-oral switch of antibiotic therapy. German respondents also recommended less often combination therapy: for example for Enterococcus faecalis (64 vs. 43%, p = 0.015), ESBL E. coli (94 vs. 67%, p < 0.001) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (76 vs. 37%, p < 0.001). Overall, management of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Infection Springer Journals

Management of bloodstream infections by infection specialists in France and Germany: a cross-sectional survey

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases; General Practice / Family Medicine; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0300-8126
eISSN
1439-0973
D.O.I.
10.1007/s15010-018-1122-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Introduction Bloodstream infections (BSI) are frequent infections worldwide. Our objective was to explore variation in the management of patients with BSI by infection specialists in France and Germany. Methods This work is part of an international ESCMID cross-sectional internet-based questionnaire survey that was opened from December 2016 to February 2017. All hospital-based infection specialists, senior or trainees, giving at least weekly advice on positive blood cultures could participate. Their practices were evaluated using six clinical vignettes presenting an uncomplicated BSI due to different pathogens. Results A hundred and ninety-six professionals (125 from Germany and 71 from France) participated. Systematic expert advice for positive blood cultures was more often available in Germany as compared with France (73 vs. 56%, p = 0.004). In Germany, the professional providing the expert advice was more often a microbiologist or a pharmacist as compared with France (p = 0.001 and p = 0.037, respectively) where it was more often an infectious diseases specialist. Fewer Ger- man respondents reported to advise systematic IV-oral switch of antibiotic therapy. German respondents also recommended less often combination therapy: for example for Enterococcus faecalis (64 vs. 43%, p = 0.015), ESBL E. coli (94 vs. 67%, p < 0.001) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (76 vs. 37%, p < 0.001). Overall, management of

Journal

InfectionSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 3, 2018

References

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