Maize glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase cDNA: a novel plant gene of detoxification

Maize glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase cDNA: a novel plant gene of detoxification We have previously shown that intact plants and cultured plant cells can metabolize and detoxify formaldehyde through the action of a glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH), followed by C-1 metabolism of the initial metabolite (formic acid). The cloning and heterologous expression of a cDNA for the glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase from Zea mays L. is now described. The functional expression of the maize cDNA in Escherichia coli proved that the cloned enzyme catalyses the NAD+- and glutathione (GSH)-dependent oxidation of formaldehyde. The deduced amino acid sequence of 41 kDa was on average 65% identical with class III alcohol dehydrogenases from animals and less than 60% identical with conventional plant alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH) utilizing ethanol. Genomic analysis suggested the existence of a single gene for this cDNA. Phylogenetic analysis supports the convergent evolution of ethanol-consuming ADHs in animals and plants from formaldehyde-detoxifying ancestors. The high structural conservation of present-day glutathione-dependent FDH in microorganisms, plants and animals is consistent with a universal importance of these detoxifying enzymes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Maize glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase cDNA: a novel plant gene of detoxification

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005872222490
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have previously shown that intact plants and cultured plant cells can metabolize and detoxify formaldehyde through the action of a glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH), followed by C-1 metabolism of the initial metabolite (formic acid). The cloning and heterologous expression of a cDNA for the glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase from Zea mays L. is now described. The functional expression of the maize cDNA in Escherichia coli proved that the cloned enzyme catalyses the NAD+- and glutathione (GSH)-dependent oxidation of formaldehyde. The deduced amino acid sequence of 41 kDa was on average 65% identical with class III alcohol dehydrogenases from animals and less than 60% identical with conventional plant alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH) utilizing ethanol. Genomic analysis suggested the existence of a single gene for this cDNA. Phylogenetic analysis supports the convergent evolution of ethanol-consuming ADHs in animals and plants from formaldehyde-detoxifying ancestors. The high structural conservation of present-day glutathione-dependent FDH in microorganisms, plants and animals is consistent with a universal importance of these detoxifying enzymes.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

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