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Magnetism and Hyperfine Parameters in Iron Rich $$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$ Gd 2 Fe 17 - x Si x Intermetallics

Magnetism and Hyperfine Parameters in Iron Rich $$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$... $$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$ Gd 2 Fe 17 - x Si x ( $$x = 0.25$$ x = 0.25 , 0.5 and 1) samples were synthesized by arc melting and annealed at 1073 K for 1 week. X-ray diffraction analysis by the Rietveld method has shown that these materials crystallize in the rhombohedral $$\hbox {Th}_2\hbox {Zn}_{17}$$ Th 2 Zn 17 -type structure (space group $$R\bar{3}m$$ R 3 ¯ m ). The Curie temperature increases with Si content x, whereas the unit-cell parameters decrease slightly. The temperature dependence of magnetization data revealed that $$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$ Gd 2 Fe 17 - x Si x exhibits a second-order ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition in the vicinity of the Curie temperature. Exchange coupling parameters of R–R, M–M and R–M (R—rare earth, M—transition metal) have been determined from M(T) magnetization curves based on the mean field theory calculation. The magnetic entropy change $$\Delta S_\mathrm{M}$$ Δ S M and the relative cooling power were estimated from isothermal magnetization curves for all samples. In the proximity of $${T}_\mathrm{C}$$ T C and in an applied field of 1.56 T, $$\Delta S_\mathrm{M}$$ Δ S M reached a maximum values of 1.38, 1.67 and 3.07 J/kg K for x = 0.25, 0.5 and 1, respectively. We have calculated the magnetic moment per Fe atom from magnetization measurements at 293 K up to 17 kOe, and it decreases with Si content. These results are verified by the Mössbauer spectrometry measurements obtained at the same temperature. The Mössbauer spectra analysis is based on the correlation between the Wigner–Seitz volume and the isomer-shift evolution of each specific site 6c, 9d, 18f, and 18h of the $$R\bar{3}$$ R 3 ¯ m structure. For all Si concentrations, the magnitude of the hyperfine fields are $${H_{\rm HF}}\{6c\} > {H_{\rm HF}}\{9d\} > {H_{\rm HF}}\{18f\} > {H_{\rm HF}}\{18h\}$$ H HF { 6 c } > H HF { 9 d } > H HF { 18 f } > H HF { 18 h } . The mean hyperfine field decreases with the Si content. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Electronic Materials Springer Journals

Magnetism and Hyperfine Parameters in Iron Rich $$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$ Gd 2 Fe 17 - x Si x Intermetallics

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Subject
Materials Science; Optical and Electronic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation; Solid State Physics
ISSN
0361-5235
eISSN
1543-186X
DOI
10.1007/s11664-018-6256-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

$$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$ Gd 2 Fe 17 - x Si x ( $$x = 0.25$$ x = 0.25 , 0.5 and 1) samples were synthesized by arc melting and annealed at 1073 K for 1 week. X-ray diffraction analysis by the Rietveld method has shown that these materials crystallize in the rhombohedral $$\hbox {Th}_2\hbox {Zn}_{17}$$ Th 2 Zn 17 -type structure (space group $$R\bar{3}m$$ R 3 ¯ m ). The Curie temperature increases with Si content x, whereas the unit-cell parameters decrease slightly. The temperature dependence of magnetization data revealed that $$\hbox {Gd}_2\hbox {Fe}_{17-x}\hbox {Si}_x$$ Gd 2 Fe 17 - x Si x exhibits a second-order ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition in the vicinity of the Curie temperature. Exchange coupling parameters of R–R, M–M and R–M (R—rare earth, M—transition metal) have been determined from M(T) magnetization curves based on the mean field theory calculation. The magnetic entropy change $$\Delta S_\mathrm{M}$$ Δ S M and the relative cooling power were estimated from isothermal magnetization curves for all samples. In the proximity of $${T}_\mathrm{C}$$ T C and in an applied field of 1.56 T, $$\Delta S_\mathrm{M}$$ Δ S M reached a maximum values of 1.38, 1.67 and 3.07 J/kg K for x = 0.25, 0.5 and 1, respectively. We have calculated the magnetic moment per Fe atom from magnetization measurements at 293 K up to 17 kOe, and it decreases with Si content. These results are verified by the Mössbauer spectrometry measurements obtained at the same temperature. The Mössbauer spectra analysis is based on the correlation between the Wigner–Seitz volume and the isomer-shift evolution of each specific site 6c, 9d, 18f, and 18h of the $$R\bar{3}$$ R 3 ¯ m structure. For all Si concentrations, the magnitude of the hyperfine fields are $${H_{\rm HF}}\{6c\} > {H_{\rm HF}}\{9d\} > {H_{\rm HF}}\{18f\} > {H_{\rm HF}}\{18h\}$$ H HF { 6 c } > H HF { 9 d } > H HF { 18 f } > H HF { 18 h } . The mean hyperfine field decreases with the Si content.

Journal

Journal of Electronic MaterialsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 6, 2018

References