Static or modulated magnetic fields (MF) may interact with the biological system and affect the metabolism of microorganisms, such as their photosynthetic capacity or synthesis of carbohydrates. Their effects on microorganisms, which can be classified into inhibiting, stimulating and null, may be interpreted as the result of stress that cells undergo, thus, leading to responses through the same mechanisms. Biological effects of exposure to magnetic forces depend on magnetic intensity, frequency and exposure time. Modifications in these parameters may enhance product formation. Effects differ according to the form and application of MF characteristic parameters. Magnetic treatments have the advantages of being convenient and non-toxic, having low running cost, emitting no secondary pollution, enabling wide application and being easily shielded. MF application to the cultivation of microalgae, to improve the production of finished biomolecules, is a simple, inexpensive and powerful process. However, bioeffects of MF on microalgae need to be further investigated because there have currently been very few available reports in the literature. Thus, studies which aim at optimizing parameters involved in MF application must be developed in order to obtain the best conditions for the production of molecules with high economic potential.
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 22, 2017
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