Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2003, p. 134. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Biologiya Morya, Selin. BOOK NOTICE Macrofitobentos Avachinskoi guby i ego antropogennaya destruktsiya (Macrophytobenthos of Avachinskaya Bay and Its Anthropogenic Destruction), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2001, 208 pp., by N.G. Klochkova and V.A. Berezovskaya The book describes the recent past and the modern began suffering from anthropogenic pressure. The condition of the macrophytobenthos of Avachinskaya estimations are based on available literature data, the Bay, which is located on the Paciﬁc coast of Kamchatka materials of the expedition of the Institute of Marine and receives the bulk of the domestic and industrial Biology FEB RAS in 1970, and the results of algolog- sewage waters of the capital city of the province, Petro- ical studies in the areas neighboring the bay, where the pavlovsk-Kamchatskii, as well as of the neighboring environmental conditions are similar, but the anthro- coastal factories, agricultural lands, etc. The book con- pogenic effects are less pronounced. The changes that sists of an introduction, ﬁve chapters, conclusions, a took place in the 1990s in the composition and struc- comprehensive list of the literature, and a supplement. ture of the macrophytobenthos of the intertidal and The latter contains color photos of the environment and upper subtidal zone in several coastal areas differently macrophytes, primarily collected from the areas of affected by pollutants are described. Comprehensive anthropogenic activities. data on the direction and degree of anthropogenic transformation of water vegetation are presented in The ﬁrst chapter of the book deals with the hydro- the ﬁfth chapter. In the latter the results of the analysis chemical characteristics and ecological condition of of ﬂorocenotic changes in the macrophytobenthos of Avachinskaya Bay. The authors discuss the hydrology Avachinskaya Bay over a long period (from 1971 to of this water body; the dynamics of gases and biogens 1999) are presented, the main stages of changes in the dissolved in the water; the diversity and abundance of ﬂora are distinguished, and the general pathways of its the sources of pollution (domestic and industrial anthropogenic transformations are discussed under wastewaters, damping, etc.); and the levels of concen- the conditions of the boreal zone of the Northwestern trations of oil products, phenols, synthetic detergents, Paciﬁc. and heavy metals. In the second chapter the general characteristics of macrophytous algae is provided and The book is addressed to hydrobiologists, algolo- the effects of pollution on these algae are analyzed. gists, teachers, postgraduates, and students. However, The third chapter, describing the ﬂora of Avachin- despite the obvious “regionality” of the title and cater- skaya Bay, is the most voluminous. A brief reference ing of the book to a relatively limited audience, it will about the history of studies on the ﬂora of the bay is undoubtedly be interesting and useful for a wider read- supplemented by an annotated list of the representa- ership interested in the problems of conservation of tives of Chlorophyta (32 species), Phaeophyta (47 biological diversity in a marine environment, irrespec- species), and Rhodophyta (87 species). For each spe- tive of whether we are dealing with the Far-Eastern, cies the authors presented the synonymy and informa- northern, or southern seas of Russia. tion on the morphology, ecology, chorology, biologi- cal characteristics, distribution, and ecological and N.I. Selin teratological variability and analyzed their responses to pollution. The fourth chapter is devoted to a retro- Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Division, spective assessment of the condition of vegetation in Russian Academy of Sciences, Avachinskaya Bay, until the macrophytobenthos Vladivostok 690041, Russia 1063-0740/03/2902-0134$25.00 © 2003 AI ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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