Key message Two LysM-containing proteins, namely, MmLYP1 and MmLYK2, were identified in mulberry. These proteins might be involved in chitin signaling. The LysM1 of MmLYK2 is critical for their interactions. Abstract Chitin is a major component of fungal cell walls and acts as an elicitor in plant innate immunity. Lysin motif (LysM)-containing proteins are essential for chitin recognition. However, related studies have been rarely reported in woody plants. In this study, in mulberry, the expression of a LysM-containing protein, MmLYP1, was significantly up-regulated after treatment with chitin and pathogenic fungi. In addition, MmLYP1 has an affinity for insoluble chitin polymers. Thus, MmLYP1 might function in chitin signaling. Since MmLYP1 lacks an intracellular domain, additional protein kinases are required for this signaling. An LysM-containing kinase, MmLYK2, was then identified. Expression of the MmLYK2 did not change significantly after chitin treatment, and the affinity of MmLYK2 for insoluble chitin was not high. The structure of MmLYP1 is similar to that of the chitin elicitor-binding proteins in rice and Arabidopsis. However, MmLYK2 has two LysM motifs, while the chitin elicitor receptor kinase 1 proteins in rice and Arabidopsis have one and three LysM motifs, respectively. The LysM1 of MmLYK2 interacted with all
Plant Cell Reports – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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