Lysine-rich modified γ-zeins accumulate in protein bodies of transiently transformed maize endosperms

Lysine-rich modified γ-zeins accumulate in protein bodies of transiently transformed maize... During maize seed development, endosperm cells synthesize large amounts of storage proteins, α-, β, and γ-zeins, which accumulate within endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived protein bodies. The absence of lysine in all zein polypeptides results in an imbalance in the amino acid composition of maize seeds. We modified the maize γ-zein gene through the introduction of lysine-rich (Pro-Lys)n coding sequences at different sites of the γ-zein coding sequence. Maize endosperms were transiently transformed by biolistic bombardment with Lys-rich γ-zein constructs under the control of the 1.7 kb γ-zein seed-specific promoter and the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. When (Pro-Lys)n sequences were inserted contiguous to or in substitution of the Pro-Xaa region of the γ-zein, high levels of protein were observed. In contrast, when (Pro-Lys)n sequences were inserted five residues from the C-terminal, the transcript was present but modified protein was not detected. These results suggest that only an appropriate positioning of Lys-rich inserts leads to the modified molecule displaying correct folding and stability. Subcellular localization analyses and immunoelectron microscopy studies on isolated protein bodies demonstrated that modified γ-zeins accumulate within these organelles and co-localized with endogenous - and γ-zeins. The studies reported here show the feasibility of manipulating the γ-zein gene in order to obtain stable and correctly targeted Lys-rich zeins in maize seeds. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Lysine-rich modified γ-zeins accumulate in protein bodies of transiently transformed maize endosperms

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/lysine-rich-modified-zeins-accumulate-in-protein-bodies-of-transiently-Goll0lR1T1
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005889314967
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

During maize seed development, endosperm cells synthesize large amounts of storage proteins, α-, β, and γ-zeins, which accumulate within endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived protein bodies. The absence of lysine in all zein polypeptides results in an imbalance in the amino acid composition of maize seeds. We modified the maize γ-zein gene through the introduction of lysine-rich (Pro-Lys)n coding sequences at different sites of the γ-zein coding sequence. Maize endosperms were transiently transformed by biolistic bombardment with Lys-rich γ-zein constructs under the control of the 1.7 kb γ-zein seed-specific promoter and the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter. When (Pro-Lys)n sequences were inserted contiguous to or in substitution of the Pro-Xaa region of the γ-zein, high levels of protein were observed. In contrast, when (Pro-Lys)n sequences were inserted five residues from the C-terminal, the transcript was present but modified protein was not detected. These results suggest that only an appropriate positioning of Lys-rich inserts leads to the modified molecule displaying correct folding and stability. Subcellular localization analyses and immunoelectron microscopy studies on isolated protein bodies demonstrated that modified γ-zeins accumulate within these organelles and co-localized with endogenous - and γ-zeins. The studies reported here show the feasibility of manipulating the γ-zein gene in order to obtain stable and correctly targeted Lys-rich zeins in maize seeds.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off