Lysine 77 is a Key Residue in Aggregation of Equinatoxin II, a Pore-forming Toxin from Sea Anemone Actinia equina

Lysine 77 is a Key Residue in Aggregation of Equinatoxin II, a Pore-forming Toxin from Sea... Among eighteen point mutants of equinatoxin II produced in E. coli, containing a single cystein substitution at variable position, EqtIIK77C was chosen for its peculiar properties. It was almost 100 times less hemolytic than the wild-type, but its hemolytic activity could be restored by chemical modification of the thiol group, provided that a positive charge was reintroduced. This indicates that a positive charge at this position is necessary for toxin activity. The mutant formed larger pores as compared to the wild type, but displayed the same cation selectivity. The pores reverted to normal size upon reintroduction of the positive charge. The conformation of EqtIIK77C and its binding to lipid membranes, either vesicles or red blood cells, was almost normal. However the kinetics of calcein release from lipid vesicles was substantially slower than that of the wild-type. Taken together with the different size of the pore formed, this is an indication that mutation of Lys77 → Cys influences the normal development of the aggregate which is required for assembling the functional pore. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Lysine 77 is a Key Residue in Aggregation of Equinatoxin II, a Pore-forming Toxin from Sea Anemone Actinia equina

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2000 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002320001006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Among eighteen point mutants of equinatoxin II produced in E. coli, containing a single cystein substitution at variable position, EqtIIK77C was chosen for its peculiar properties. It was almost 100 times less hemolytic than the wild-type, but its hemolytic activity could be restored by chemical modification of the thiol group, provided that a positive charge was reintroduced. This indicates that a positive charge at this position is necessary for toxin activity. The mutant formed larger pores as compared to the wild type, but displayed the same cation selectivity. The pores reverted to normal size upon reintroduction of the positive charge. The conformation of EqtIIK77C and its binding to lipid membranes, either vesicles or red blood cells, was almost normal. However the kinetics of calcein release from lipid vesicles was substantially slower than that of the wild-type. Taken together with the different size of the pore formed, this is an indication that mutation of Lys77 → Cys influences the normal development of the aggregate which is required for assembling the functional pore.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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