Lung cancer and the human gene for ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1)

Lung cancer and the human gene for ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1) LOH11A is a region of Chromosome (Chr) 11p15.5 where 75% of lung cancers show loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Clinical and cell biological studies suggest that LOH11A contains a tumor/metastasis suppressor gene. We have mapped this region (650 kb) using overlapping genomic P1/PAC/BAC clones, and one of the genes that we have identified is RRM1. This gene encodes the large subunit (M1) of ribonucleotide reductase, the heterodimeric enzyme that catalyzes the rate-limiting step in deoxyribonucleotide synthesis. By comparing our genomic sequences with the previously published cDNA, we have found that the human gene is composed of 19 exons. It is oriented telomere to centromere and is Alu rich. In order to verify that RRM1 maps within the boundaries of LOH11A, we assessed the frequency of LOH at a SacI polymorphism within intron IX of the gene. We observed LOH in 48% (15/31) of informative lung tumor specimens. To determine whether RRM1 was mutated in tumors, SSCP analysis of the 19 RRM1 exons was performed. No mutations were revealed in 12 pairs of normal and tumor DNA samples. Immunoblots on protein extracts from normal/tumor pairs indicated that a protein of the expected size was present in both. Our conclusion is that RRM1 lies within the LOH11A region, but that its exons are not mutated in tumors. The potential for RRM1 to act as a tumor suppressor is discussed. Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Lung cancer and the human gene for ribonucleotide reductase subunit M1 (RRM1)

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Copyright © 1999 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
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