Cyanobacterial thylakoids catalyze both photosynthetic and respiratory activities. In a photosystem I-less Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 strain, electrons generated by photosystem II appear to be utilized by cytochrome oxidase. To identify the lumenal electron carriers (plastocyanin and/or cytochromes c 553, c 550, and possibly c M) that are involved in transfer of photosystem II-generated electrons to the terminal oxidase, deletion constructs for genes coding for these components were introduced into a photosystem I-less Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 strain, and electron flow out of photosystem II was monitored in resulting strains through chlorophyll fluorescence yields. Loss of cytochrome c 553 or plastocyanin, but not of cytochrome c 550, decreased the rate of electron flow out of photosystem II. Surprisingly, cytochrome c M could not be deleted in a photosystem I-less background strain, and also a double-deletion mutant lacking both plastocyanin and cytochromec 553 could not be obtained. Cytochrome c M has some homology with the cytochrome c-binding regions of the cytochromecaa3 -type cytochrome oxidase from Bacillus spp. and Thermus thermophilus. We suggest that cytochrome c M is a component of cytochrome oxidase in cyanobacteria that serves as redox intermediate between soluble electron carriers and the cytochromeaa3 complex, and that either plastocyanin or cytochrome c 553 can shuttle electrons from the cytochrome b6f complex to cytochrome c M.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2004
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