The small magnitude lift forces generated by both a NACA 0012 airfoil and a thin flat plate at Re = 29,000 and 54,000 were determined through the line integral of velocity, obtained with particle image velocimetry, via the application of the Kutta–Joukowsky theorem. Surface pressure measurements of the NACA0012 airfoil were also obtained to validate the lift coefficient C l. The bound circulation was found to be insensitive to the size and aspect ratio of the rectangular integration loop for pre-stall angles. The present C l data were also found to agree very well with the surface pressure-determined lift coefficient for pre-stall conditions. A large variation in C l with the loop size and aspect ratio for post-stall conditions was, however, observed. Nevertheless, the present flat-plate C l data were also found to collectively agree with the published force-balance measurements at small angles of attack, despite the large disparity exhibited among the various published data at high angles. Finally, the ensemble-averaged wake velocity profiles were also used to compute the drag coefficient and, subsequently, the lift-to-drag ratio.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 22, 2012
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