Low replication and variability of HBV pre-core in concomitant infection with hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses

Low replication and variability of HBV pre-core in concomitant infection with hepatitis B and... In an attempt to define the virological profile of HBV in HCV co-infection, we analysed the viral load, the infecting genotype, and the mutational pattern of the HBV pre-core region (pre-C), which is involved in viral encapsidation and DNA replication. Eighty-six patients were studied: 32 with serological HBV/HCV-1b co-infection (group BC), 32 infected by HBV alone (group B), and 22 by HCV-1b alone (group C). Sequence analysis of the HBV pre-S and pre-C regions identified genotypes and mutational patterns. The HBV viral load was significantly lower in group BC than in group B ( p < 0.001), and the distribution of HBV pre-C mutations showed a higher prevalence of wild type in concomitant infection than in the control group ( p < 0.006). The predominant HBV infecting strain was genotype D in both the BC (96%) and B (87%) groups. No difference was observed in HCV viremia levels between the two groups, whereas in HBV/HCV infection, the low levels of circulating HBV were closely associated with the low degree of variability of pre-C domain ( p = 0.005). In conclusion, in HBV/HCV infection, the virological pattern was characterised by the dominance of HCV associated with lower HBV replication capacity and decreased emergence of HBV pre-C variants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Low replication and variability of HBV pre-core in concomitant infection with hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0836-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In an attempt to define the virological profile of HBV in HCV co-infection, we analysed the viral load, the infecting genotype, and the mutational pattern of the HBV pre-core region (pre-C), which is involved in viral encapsidation and DNA replication. Eighty-six patients were studied: 32 with serological HBV/HCV-1b co-infection (group BC), 32 infected by HBV alone (group B), and 22 by HCV-1b alone (group C). Sequence analysis of the HBV pre-S and pre-C regions identified genotypes and mutational patterns. The HBV viral load was significantly lower in group BC than in group B ( p < 0.001), and the distribution of HBV pre-C mutations showed a higher prevalence of wild type in concomitant infection than in the control group ( p < 0.006). The predominant HBV infecting strain was genotype D in both the BC (96%) and B (87%) groups. No difference was observed in HCV viremia levels between the two groups, whereas in HBV/HCV infection, the low levels of circulating HBV were closely associated with the low degree of variability of pre-C domain ( p = 0.005). In conclusion, in HBV/HCV infection, the virological pattern was characterised by the dominance of HCV associated with lower HBV replication capacity and decreased emergence of HBV pre-C variants.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2007

References

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