Low night temperatures seriously affect plant growth and fruit quality. To investigate the effect of low night temperatures on the expression of galactinol synthase genes (GOLS) and phloem loading of raffinose family oligosaccharides, particular stachyose and raffinose (RFO represents stachyose and raffinose in this paper) and to gain a better understanding of the relationship between the phloem loading of RFO and fruit development, melon (Cucumis melo L.) plants at the fruit development stage were treated with temperatures of 28/12°C or 28/9°C (day/night) with 28/15°C as the control. Both the CmGOLS1 and CmGOLS2 gene expression and the activity of galactinol synthase were clearly repressed after treatments with 9 and 12°C at night, and the effect of 9°C was more obvious. Furthermore, low night temperatures inhibited photosynthesis and caused the lower amounts of sucrose to supply the RFO synthesis. However, the total soluble sugar, RFO, and sucrose contents were increased in leaves subjected to low night temperatures. It is supposed that low night temperature blocked symplastic phloem loading, which led to the accumulation of RFO in the leaf cells. With increasing content of RFO in the leaves, the expression of GOLS genes was inhibited according to the principle of feedback, and therefore the decreased expression of GOLS limited RFO synthesis and was indirectly harmful to phloem loading, thereby affecting fruit development.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 7, 2014
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