Low-frequency variations of the Gulf-Stream transport: description and mechanisms

Low-frequency variations of the Gulf-Stream transport: description and mechanisms On the basis of the contemporary array of oceanographic and hydrometeorological data, we compute the characteristics of variations of the Gulf-Stream transport in 1950–2004. The role played by the low-frequency oscillations of vorticity of the wind field and turbulent heat fluxes in the North Atlantic in the formation of the analyzed variations is estimated. We reveal a significant (on a 5% confidence level) positive linear trend of the monthly average Gulf-Stream transport manifested in the increase in the Gulf-Stream transport by 13 Sv for the investigated period. On the basis of the established estimates, we make a conclusion that about a quarter of the interannual variations of the Gulf-Stream transport is caused by the low-frequency oscillations of vorticity of the wind field in the Subtropical Atlantic. Moreover, the Gulf-Stream transport is delayed relative to the wind oscillations by about 2 yr. An important role in the changes in the Gulf-Stream transport is played by the response of the system of west boundary currents to the quasiperiodic action of turbulent heat fluxes on the surface of the ocean connected with the North-Atlantic Oscillation. The intensification of turbulent heat fluxes in the Northern Subpolar Cyclonic Gyre and their weakening in the north part of the Subtropical Anticyclonic Gyre are accompanied by the intensification of the Gulf Stream observed after 3–5 yr. The anomalies of turbulent heat fluxes of the opposite sign are followed by weakening of the Gulf Stream also after a period of 3–5 yr. We also mention a potentially important role played the Pacific decadal oscillation in maintaining the decadal variations of the intensity of Gulf Stream. The influence of this oscillation on the Gulf-Stream transport is realized both via the changes in the wind field in different phases of oscillations and due to its influence on the heat exchange of the ocean with the atmosphere. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Physical Oceanography Springer Journals

Low-frequency variations of the Gulf-Stream transport: description and mechanisms

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/low-frequency-variations-of-the-gulf-stream-transport-description-and-KYVBxfpYZT
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Earth Sciences; Oceanography; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Atmospheric Sciences; Climate Change; Environmental Physics
ISSN
0928-5105
eISSN
0928-5105
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11110-009-9047-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

On the basis of the contemporary array of oceanographic and hydrometeorological data, we compute the characteristics of variations of the Gulf-Stream transport in 1950–2004. The role played by the low-frequency oscillations of vorticity of the wind field and turbulent heat fluxes in the North Atlantic in the formation of the analyzed variations is estimated. We reveal a significant (on a 5% confidence level) positive linear trend of the monthly average Gulf-Stream transport manifested in the increase in the Gulf-Stream transport by 13 Sv for the investigated period. On the basis of the established estimates, we make a conclusion that about a quarter of the interannual variations of the Gulf-Stream transport is caused by the low-frequency oscillations of vorticity of the wind field in the Subtropical Atlantic. Moreover, the Gulf-Stream transport is delayed relative to the wind oscillations by about 2 yr. An important role in the changes in the Gulf-Stream transport is played by the response of the system of west boundary currents to the quasiperiodic action of turbulent heat fluxes on the surface of the ocean connected with the North-Atlantic Oscillation. The intensification of turbulent heat fluxes in the Northern Subpolar Cyclonic Gyre and their weakening in the north part of the Subtropical Anticyclonic Gyre are accompanied by the intensification of the Gulf Stream observed after 3–5 yr. The anomalies of turbulent heat fluxes of the opposite sign are followed by weakening of the Gulf Stream also after a period of 3–5 yr. We also mention a potentially important role played the Pacific decadal oscillation in maintaining the decadal variations of the intensity of Gulf Stream. The influence of this oscillation on the Gulf-Stream transport is realized both via the changes in the wind field in different phases of oscillations and due to its influence on the heat exchange of the ocean with the atmosphere.

Journal

Physical OceanographySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 3, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off