Water Distribution Systems (WDSs) have losses, which are difficult to be eliminated due to the complex socio-technical nature of these systems. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on losses in WDSs, which addresses two questions: which are the factors that influence the complexity of WDSs, having an impact on the losses of water? How do the methods used to control losses in WDSs account for complexity? We assumed that to be compatible with the nature of WDSs, the loss control methods should account for five attributes of complexity. Twenty-one factors that influence these attributes were identified from 49 selected papers, based on a content analysis. Non-linear interactions were the attribute most frequently accounted by the methods (36.5%), and none of the methods simultaneously accounted for all the five attributes. The review also supported the development of a model of the relationships between the factors that influence the complexity attributes. This model is a basis for the analysis of the impacts of actions for tackling losses.
Water Resources Management – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 3, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera