The progressive accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria is implicated in aging and in common diseases of the elderly. To oppose this occurrence, organisms employ a variety of strategies, including the selective degradation of oxidatively damaged and misfolded mitochondrial proteins. Genetic studies in yeast indicate that the ATPase Associated with diverse cellular Activities (AAA+) family of mitochondrial proteases account for a substantial fraction of this protein degradation, but their metazoan counterparts have been little studied, despite the fact that mutations in the genes encoding these proteases cause a variety of human diseases. To begin to explore the biological roles of the metazoan mitochondrial AAA+ protease family, we have created a CRISPR/Cas9 allele of the Drosophila homolog of SPG7, which encodes an inner membrane-localized AAA+ protease known as paraplegin. Drosophila SPG7 mutants exhibited shortened lifespan, progressive locomotor defects, sensitivity to chemical and environmental stress, and muscular and neuronal degeneration. Ultrastructural examination of photoreceptor neurons indicated that the neurodegenerative phenotype of SPG7 mutants initiates at the synaptic terminal. A variety of mitochondrial defects accompanied the degenerative phenotypes of SPG7 mutants, including altered axonal transport of mitochondria, accumulation of electron-dense material in the matrix of flight muscle mitochondria, reduced activities of respiratory chain complexes I and II, and severely swollen and dysmorphic mitochondria in the synaptic terminals of photoreceptors. Drosophila SPG7 mutants recapitulate key features of human diseases caused by mutations in SPG7, and thus provide a foundation for the identification of Drosophila paraplegin substrates and strategies that could be used to ameliorate the symptoms of these diseases.
Cell Death & Disease – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 21, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera