Background While monoclonal antibodies against tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) are effective in treating Crohn’s disease (CD), approximately one-third of patients lose response. The mechanisms underlying this loss of response remain elusive. Aim We sought to determine if novel biological pathways, including TNFα-independent inflammatory pathways, emerge in those with loss of response to anti-TNFα. Methods Using RNA microarray technology in 28 patients with CD, we examined the colonic gene expression differences between those with active inflammation in the setting of loss of response to TNFα-antagonist therapy (“loss of responders”) compared to anti-TNFα naïve patients with active inflammation and those on anti-TNF therapy in disease remission. Pathway enrichment analyses were performed. Results We found that colonic expression of chemokines known to drive inflammation ( CXCL20, CXCL9, and CXCL10) was elevated in those with loss of response compared to those in remission. Expression of genes critical to modulating oxidative stress burden (DUOX2, DUOXA2, and NOS2) was also elevated. Additionally, MMP3, MMP1, and MMP12 were elevated in those with continued inflammation. Gene enrichment analysis revealed that loss of responders exhibited dysregulation in the cysteine and methionine metabolism pathway, suggesting alteration in oxidative stress burden. There were no differences in genes or pathways between
Digestive Diseases and Sciences – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 25, 2018
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