The action of antifungal drug, amphotericin B (AmB), on solvent-containing planar lipid bilayers made of sterols (cholesterol, ergosterol) and synthetic C14–C18 tail phospholipids (PCs) or egg PC has been investigated in a voltage-clamp mode. Within the range of PCs tested, a similar increase was achieved in the lifetime of one-sided AmB channels in cholesterol- and ergosterol-containing membranes with the C16 tail PC, DPhPC at sterol/DPhPC molar ratio ≤1. The AmB channel lifetimes decreased only at sterol/DPhPC molar ratio >1 that occurred with sterol/PC molar ratio of target cell membranes at a pathological state. These data obtained on bilayer membranes two times thicker than one-sided AmB channel length are consistent with the accepted AmB pore-forming mechanism, which is associated with membrane thinning around AmB–sterol complex in the lipid rafts. Our results show that AmB can create cytotoxic (long open) channels in cholesterol membrane with C14–C16 tail PCs and nontoxic (short open) channels with C17–C18 tail PCs as the lifetime of one-sided AmB channel depends on ~2–5 Å difference in the thickness of sterol-containing C16 and C18 tail PC membranes. The reduction in toxic AmB channels efficacy can be required at the drug administration because C16 tails in native membrane PCs occur almost as often as C18 tails. The comparative analysis of AmB channel blocking by tetraethylammonium chloride, tetramethylammonium chloride and thiazole derivative of vitamin B1, 3-decyloxycarbonylmethyl-4-methyl-5-(2-hydroxyethyl) thiazole chloride (DMHT), has proved that DMHT is a comparable substitute for both tetraalkylammonia that exhibits a much higher affinity.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 9, 2014
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