To estimate the possibility of plant genome mapping using human genome probes, the probes fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) of human 18S–28S rDNA (clon 22F9 from the LA-13NCO1 library) was carried out on chromosomes of the spring barleyHordeum vulgareL. As a control, wheat rDNA probe (clon pTa71) was taken. Hybridization of the wheat DNA probe revealed two major labelling sites on mitotic barley chromosomes 5I (7H) and 6I (6H), as well as several minor sites. With the human DNA probe, signals were detected in the major sites of the ribosomal genes on chromosomes 5I (7H) and 6I (6H) only when the chromosome preparations were obtained using an optimized technique with obligatory pepsin treatment followed by hybridization. Thus, this study demonstrates that physical mapping of plant chromosomes with human DNA probes that are 60 to 70% homologous to the plant genes is possible. It suggests principal opportunity for the FISH mapping of plant genomes using probes from human genome libraries, obtained in the course of the total sequencing of the human genomes and corresponding to the coding regions of genes with known functions.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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