Local Anesthetics Affect Gramicidin A Channels via Membrane Electrostatic Potentials

Local Anesthetics Affect Gramicidin A Channels via Membrane Electrostatic Potentials The effects of local anesthetics (LAs), including aminoamides and aminoesters, on the characteristics of single gramicidin A (GA) channels in 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayers were studied. Aminoamides, namely lidocaine (LDC), prilocaine (PLC), mepivacaine (MPV), and bupivacaine (BPV), reduced the conductance of GA channels. Aminoesters influenced the current fluctuations induced by GA differently; procaine (PC) did not affect the fluctuations, whereas tetracaine (TTC) distinctly reduced the conductance of single GA channels. Using electrophysiological technique, we estimated the changes in the membrane boundary potential at the adsorption of LAs; LDC, PLC, MPV, BPV, and TTC substantially increased, while PC did not affect it. To elucidate which component of the membrane boundary potential, the surface or dipole potential, is responsible for the observed effects of LAs, we employed a fluorescence assay. We found that TTC led to a significant increase in the membrane dipole potential, whereas the adsorption of LDC, PLC, MPV, BPV, and PC did not produce any changes in the membrane dipole potential. We concluded that aminoamides affected the surface potential of lipid bilayers. Together, these data suggest that the effects of LAs on the conductance of single GA channels are caused by their influence on membrane electrostatic potentials; the regulation of GA pores by aminoamides is associated with the surface potential of membranes, whereas TTC modulation of channel properties is predominantly due to changes in dipole potential of lipid bilayers. These data might provide some significant implications for voltage-gated ion channels of cell membranes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Local Anesthetics Affect Gramicidin A Channels via Membrane Electrostatic Potentials

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/local-anesthetics-affect-gramicidin-a-channels-via-membrane-PIqvtLjQHm
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Euratom
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-016-9926-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of local anesthetics (LAs), including aminoamides and aminoesters, on the characteristics of single gramicidin A (GA) channels in 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) bilayers were studied. Aminoamides, namely lidocaine (LDC), prilocaine (PLC), mepivacaine (MPV), and bupivacaine (BPV), reduced the conductance of GA channels. Aminoesters influenced the current fluctuations induced by GA differently; procaine (PC) did not affect the fluctuations, whereas tetracaine (TTC) distinctly reduced the conductance of single GA channels. Using electrophysiological technique, we estimated the changes in the membrane boundary potential at the adsorption of LAs; LDC, PLC, MPV, BPV, and TTC substantially increased, while PC did not affect it. To elucidate which component of the membrane boundary potential, the surface or dipole potential, is responsible for the observed effects of LAs, we employed a fluorescence assay. We found that TTC led to a significant increase in the membrane dipole potential, whereas the adsorption of LDC, PLC, MPV, BPV, and PC did not produce any changes in the membrane dipole potential. We concluded that aminoamides affected the surface potential of lipid bilayers. Together, these data suggest that the effects of LAs on the conductance of single GA channels are caused by their influence on membrane electrostatic potentials; the regulation of GA pores by aminoamides is associated with the surface potential of membranes, whereas TTC modulation of channel properties is predominantly due to changes in dipole potential of lipid bilayers. These data might provide some significant implications for voltage-gated ion channels of cell membranes.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 3, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off