Liver Injury from Herbs and “Dietary Supplements”: Highlights of a Literature Review from 2015 to 2017

Liver Injury from Herbs and “Dietary Supplements”: Highlights of a Literature Review from... Purpose of the Review To present highlights of recent liver injury from herbs and “dietary supplements,” based on a literature review from 2015 to 2017. Recent findings Challenging are quality issues of herb and dietary supplements (HDS) products, influenced by the circadian clock system in plants that controls many important metabolic pathways including photosynthesis and molecular processes of gene expression. Important also is plant stress, caused by pathogen attacks, heavy UV radiation, draft, soil contamination by salts or heavy metals, involving oxidative stress through generation of free radicals including reactive oxygen species (ROS), dam- aging the plant’s integrity. Finally, expectations are high if physicians publish case reports of HDS liver injury using the Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (RUCAM), but intentional overscoring of causality gradings must be resisted. In critical situations, reevaluation of original case data was a good approach clarifying divergencies. Summary Plant stress impairs the quality of herbs, requiring better understanding of plant physiology, and clinical liver injury cases need better causality assessment using RUCAM. . . . . Keywords Herb-induced liver injury Herbal and dietary supplement liver injury Herbal product quality Causality assessment . . . RUCAM Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method Plant physiology plant chronobiology http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Pharmacology Reports Springer Journals

Liver Injury from Herbs and “Dietary Supplements”: Highlights of a Literature Review from 2015 to 2017

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Biomedicine, general; Cancer Research; Molecular Medicine
eISSN
2198-641X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40495-018-0124-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of the Review To present highlights of recent liver injury from herbs and “dietary supplements,” based on a literature review from 2015 to 2017. Recent findings Challenging are quality issues of herb and dietary supplements (HDS) products, influenced by the circadian clock system in plants that controls many important metabolic pathways including photosynthesis and molecular processes of gene expression. Important also is plant stress, caused by pathogen attacks, heavy UV radiation, draft, soil contamination by salts or heavy metals, involving oxidative stress through generation of free radicals including reactive oxygen species (ROS), dam- aging the plant’s integrity. Finally, expectations are high if physicians publish case reports of HDS liver injury using the Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (RUCAM), but intentional overscoring of causality gradings must be resisted. In critical situations, reevaluation of original case data was a good approach clarifying divergencies. Summary Plant stress impairs the quality of herbs, requiring better understanding of plant physiology, and clinical liver injury cases need better causality assessment using RUCAM. . . . . Keywords Herb-induced liver injury Herbal and dietary supplement liver injury Herbal product quality Causality assessment . . . RUCAM Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method Plant physiology plant chronobiology

Journal

Current Pharmacology ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 14, 2018

References

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