Liquid-phase dehydration of sorbitol has been investigated in wide reaction conditions especially under microwave irradiation in the presence of acidic resin catalysts. From the selectivity for sorbitan and isosorbide, it can be understood that the dehydration is a consecutive reaction (sorbitol to sorbitan, and finally to isosorbide) and that the sorbitan is an intermediate of the dehydration. By using microwave irradiation, the dehydration can be accelerated by around 20–34 times compared with the rate by conventional electric heating at the same temperature, or the reaction temperature can be decreased by around 40 °C for the comparable conversion in a similar reaction time. However, the microwaves do not have noticeable effects on the selectivity for isosorbide or sorbitan. The accelerated dehydration under microwaves is mainly due to decreased activation energy.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 13, 2011
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