Liquid crystal-based detection of DNA hybridization using surface immobilized single-stranded DNA

Liquid crystal-based detection of DNA hybridization using surface immobilized single-stranded DNA The authors have investigated (a) the self-assembly of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) on glass surfaces, and (b) the interaction of DNA with liquid crystals (LCs) on solid surfaces. The results suggest that ssDNA (compared to dsDNA) on the solid interface causes particularly different orientations in LCs. The LC molecules assume a uniform homeotropic orientation on the surface with a typical surface ssDNA coverage of ~2.4 × 1012 molecules per square cm. Once complementary DNA is hybridized on the surface, the homotropic orientation of the LCs becomes disrupted. This orientation transition can be visually observed by using a crossed polarizer. The findings were exploiting to design an assay for target DNA (= analyte DNA) that has an ~0.1 nM detection limit. The assay is highly selective and can easily differentiate target DNA from single-base mismatch and non-complementary DNA. In our perception, it represents a powerful, label-free and portable DNA detection scheme. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Microchimica Acta Springer Journals

Liquid crystal-based detection of DNA hybridization using surface immobilized single-stranded DNA

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/liquid-crystal-based-detection-of-dna-hybridization-using-surface-is07I0Tema
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Chemistry; Nanochemistry; Nanotechnology; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Analytical Chemistry; Microengineering
ISSN
0026-3672
eISSN
1436-5073
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00604-017-2324-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The authors have investigated (a) the self-assembly of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) on glass surfaces, and (b) the interaction of DNA with liquid crystals (LCs) on solid surfaces. The results suggest that ssDNA (compared to dsDNA) on the solid interface causes particularly different orientations in LCs. The LC molecules assume a uniform homeotropic orientation on the surface with a typical surface ssDNA coverage of ~2.4 × 1012 molecules per square cm. Once complementary DNA is hybridized on the surface, the homotropic orientation of the LCs becomes disrupted. This orientation transition can be visually observed by using a crossed polarizer. The findings were exploiting to design an assay for target DNA (= analyte DNA) that has an ~0.1 nM detection limit. The assay is highly selective and can easily differentiate target DNA from single-base mismatch and non-complementary DNA. In our perception, it represents a powerful, label-free and portable DNA detection scheme.

Journal

Microchimica ActaSpringer Journals

Published: May 18, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off