Liquid crystal-based detection of DNA hybridization using surface immobilized single-stranded DNA

Liquid crystal-based detection of DNA hybridization using surface immobilized single-stranded DNA The authors have investigated (a) the self-assembly of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) on glass surfaces, and (b) the interaction of DNA with liquid crystals (LCs) on solid surfaces. The results suggest that ssDNA (compared to dsDNA) on the solid interface causes particularly different orientations in LCs. The LC molecules assume a uniform homeotropic orientation on the surface with a typical surface ssDNA coverage of ~2.4 × 1012 molecules per square cm. Once complementary DNA is hybridized on the surface, the homotropic orientation of the LCs becomes disrupted. This orientation transition can be visually observed by using a crossed polarizer. The findings were exploiting to design an assay for target DNA (= analyte DNA) that has an ~0.1 nM detection limit. The assay is highly selective and can easily differentiate target DNA from single-base mismatch and non-complementary DNA. In our perception, it represents a powerful, label-free and portable DNA detection scheme. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Microchimica Acta Springer Journals

Liquid crystal-based detection of DNA hybridization using surface immobilized single-stranded DNA

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Chemistry; Nanochemistry; Nanotechnology; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Analytical Chemistry; Microengineering
ISSN
0026-3672
eISSN
1436-5073
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00604-017-2324-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The authors have investigated (a) the self-assembly of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) on glass surfaces, and (b) the interaction of DNA with liquid crystals (LCs) on solid surfaces. The results suggest that ssDNA (compared to dsDNA) on the solid interface causes particularly different orientations in LCs. The LC molecules assume a uniform homeotropic orientation on the surface with a typical surface ssDNA coverage of ~2.4 × 1012 molecules per square cm. Once complementary DNA is hybridized on the surface, the homotropic orientation of the LCs becomes disrupted. This orientation transition can be visually observed by using a crossed polarizer. The findings were exploiting to design an assay for target DNA (= analyte DNA) that has an ~0.1 nM detection limit. The assay is highly selective and can easily differentiate target DNA from single-base mismatch and non-complementary DNA. In our perception, it represents a powerful, label-free and portable DNA detection scheme.

Journal

Microchimica ActaSpringer Journals

Published: May 18, 2017

References

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