After activation, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal toxin forms pores in larval midgut epithelial cell membranes, leading to host death. Although the crystal structure of the soluble form of Cry1Aa has been determined, the conformation of the pores and the mechanism of toxin interaction with and insertion into membranes are still not clear. Here we show that Cry1Aa spontaneously inserts into lipid mono- and bilayer membranes of appropriate compositions. Fourier Transform InfraRed spectroscopy (FTIR) indicates that insertion is accompanied by conformational changes characterized mainly by an unfolding of the β-sheet domains. Moreover, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) imaging strongly suggests that the pores are composed of four subunits surrounding a 1.5 nm diameter central depression.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 19, 2014
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera