Liouville Invariance in Quantum and Classical Mechanics

Liouville Invariance in Quantum and Classical Mechanics The density-matrix and Heisenberg formulations of quantum mechanics follow—for unitary evolution—directly from the Schrödinger equation. Nevertheless, the symmetries of the corresponding evolution operator, the Liouvillian L = i[⋅, H], need not be limited to those of the Hamiltonian H. This is due to L only involving eigenenergy differences, which can be degenerate even if the energies themselves are not. Remarkably, this possibility has rarely been mentioned in the literature, and never pursued more generally. We consider an example involving mesoscopic Josephson devices, but the analysis only assumes familiarity with basic quantum mechanics. Subsequently, such L-symmetries are shown to occur more widely, in particular also in classical mechanics. The symmetry's relevance to dissipative systems and quantum-information processing is briefly discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Liouville Invariance in Quantum and Classical Mechanics

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1019657303471
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The density-matrix and Heisenberg formulations of quantum mechanics follow—for unitary evolution—directly from the Schrödinger equation. Nevertheless, the symmetries of the corresponding evolution operator, the Liouvillian L = i[⋅, H], need not be limited to those of the Hamiltonian H. This is due to L only involving eigenenergy differences, which can be degenerate even if the energies themselves are not. Remarkably, this possibility has rarely been mentioned in the literature, and never pursued more generally. We consider an example involving mesoscopic Josephson devices, but the analysis only assumes familiarity with basic quantum mechanics. Subsequently, such L-symmetries are shown to occur more widely, in particular also in classical mechanics. The symmetry's relevance to dissipative systems and quantum-information processing is briefly discussed.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

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