Research on CMOS-inverter ring oscillators is reviewed. The linearized wave model of the circuit, allowing for the pseudoharmonic nature of waves, is proposed based on a previous experimental study. The physical and geometric factors in the frequency response are examined. Straightforward analytical expressions are derived for the operating frequency as a function of the main macroscopic variables. The oscillations are identified as a set of standing waves
Russian Microelectronics – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 4, 2013
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