Higher plant plastid DNA (ptDNA) is generally described as a double-stranded circular molecule of the size of the monomer of the plastid genome. Also, the substrates and products of ptDNA replication are generally assumed to be circular molecules. Linear or partly linear ptDNA molecules were detected in our present study using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and Southern blotting of ptDNA restricted with ‘single cutter’ restriction enzymes. These linear DNA molecules show discrete end points which were mapped using appropriate probes. One possible explanation of discrete ends would be that they represent origins of replication. Indeed, some of the mapped ends correlate well with the known origins of replication of tobacco plastids, i.e. both of the oriA sequences and—less pronouncedly—with the oriB elements. Other ends correspond to replication origins that were described for Oenothera hookeri, Zea mays, Glycine max and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, respectively, while some of the mapped ends were not described previously and␣might therefore represent additional origins of replication.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2006
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