Limits on the Tightness of Coupling in Active Transport

Limits on the Tightness of Coupling in Active Transport Control of the coupled reaction sequence in active transport depends on systematic changes in the properties of the carrier protein as the reaction proceeds. These changes would have to be brought about by specific interactions with the substrate, the binding forces being used to stabilize either (i) a carrier state with altered properties or (ii) the transition state in a carrier transformation. In the first case the tightness of coupling (the ratio of the coupled rate to slippage) will at first rise with the increment in binding energy in the altered state but will approach an upper limit when overly strong binding forces retard substrate dissociation in a subsequent step in the coupled reaction sequence. Primary and secondary active transport are subject to this limitation because the coupling mechanism necessarily involves intermediates in which the substrate is strongly bound. Exchange-only transport is not necessarily subject to the same limitation because the mechanism can involve only a substrate-catalyzed change in carrier state. The available data, although scant, agree with these conclusions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Limits on the Tightness of Coupling in Active Transport

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/limits-on-the-tightness-of-coupling-in-active-transport-Kw1H0jhU02
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900469
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Control of the coupled reaction sequence in active transport depends on systematic changes in the properties of the carrier protein as the reaction proceeds. These changes would have to be brought about by specific interactions with the substrate, the binding forces being used to stabilize either (i) a carrier state with altered properties or (ii) the transition state in a carrier transformation. In the first case the tightness of coupling (the ratio of the coupled rate to slippage) will at first rise with the increment in binding energy in the altered state but will approach an upper limit when overly strong binding forces retard substrate dissociation in a subsequent step in the coupled reaction sequence. Primary and secondary active transport are subject to this limitation because the coupling mechanism necessarily involves intermediates in which the substrate is strongly bound. Exchange-only transport is not necessarily subject to the same limitation because the mechanism can involve only a substrate-catalyzed change in carrier state. The available data, although scant, agree with these conclusions.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 1999

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off