Limit measures of inhomogeneous discrete-time quantum walks in one dimension

Limit measures of inhomogeneous discrete-time quantum walks in one dimension We treat three types of measures of the quantum walk (QW) with the spatial perturbation at the origin, which was introduced by Konno (Quantum Inf Proc 9:405, 2010): time averaged limit measure, weak limit measure, and stationary measure. From the first two measures, we see a coexistence of the ballistic and localized behaviors in the walk as a sequential result following (Konno in Quantum Inf Proc 9:405, 2010; Quantum Inf Proc 8:387–399, 2009). We propose a universality class of QWs with respect to weak limit measure. It is shown that typical spatial homogeneous QWs with ballistic spreading belong to the universality class. We find that the walk treated here with one defect also belongs to the class. We mainly consider the walk starting from the origin. However when we remove this restriction, we obtain a stationary measure of the walk. As a consequence, by choosing parameters in the stationary measure, we get the uniform measure as a stationary measure of the Hadamard walk and a time averaged limit measure of the walk with one defect respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Limit measures of inhomogeneous discrete-time quantum walks in one dimension

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-011-0353-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We treat three types of measures of the quantum walk (QW) with the spatial perturbation at the origin, which was introduced by Konno (Quantum Inf Proc 9:405, 2010): time averaged limit measure, weak limit measure, and stationary measure. From the first two measures, we see a coexistence of the ballistic and localized behaviors in the walk as a sequential result following (Konno in Quantum Inf Proc 9:405, 2010; Quantum Inf Proc 8:387–399, 2009). We propose a universality class of QWs with respect to weak limit measure. It is shown that typical spatial homogeneous QWs with ballistic spreading belong to the universality class. We find that the walk treated here with one defect also belongs to the class. We mainly consider the walk starting from the origin. However when we remove this restriction, we obtain a stationary measure of the walk. As a consequence, by choosing parameters in the stationary measure, we get the uniform measure as a stationary measure of the Hadamard walk and a time averaged limit measure of the walk with one defect respectively.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 8, 2012

References

  • Localization of an inhomogeneous discrete-time quantum walk on the line
    Konno, N.
  • One-dimensional discrete-time quantum walks on random environments
    Konno, N.
  • Disordered quantum walks in one lattice dimension
    Ahlbrecht, A.; Scholz, V.B.; Werner, A.H.
  • Quantum random walks in one dimension
    Konno, N.
  • A path integral approach for disordered quantum walks in one dimension
    Konno, N.

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