Likert versus Q-approaches in survey methodologies: discrepancies in results with same respondents

Likert versus Q-approaches in survey methodologies: discrepancies in results with same respondents Surveys are constantly used within forest policy processes to obtain information regarding the opinions of stakeholders and the public. Survey outcomes are dependent on what questions are asked, how the answers are structured and analyzed and how interpretations and conclusions are aligned. The most common forms of surveys can be grouped into two categories: the Likert attitude survey, which allows the respondent to freely select an integer value between a minimum and maximum (typically from 1 to 5 or 7), and the Q sort survey, which requires the respondent to sort and classify the importance of questions based on a predefined standard (typically pyramid-shape distribution from disagree to agree). Using similar Likert and Q sort surveys on the same group of respondents in the case of a regional (sub-national) forest policy process, this paper investigates the variability of obtained responses and determines if the choice of survey method would impact the information and potential interpretations provided to the policy makers. The results indicate that survey outcomes may indeed be sensitive to methodology, although respondents would be consistent. When informing policies, it is advisable to carefully consider the purpose and the conduct of the survey, and to make interpretations with prudence. Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Likert versus Q-approaches in survey methodologies: discrepancies in results with same respondents

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Social Sciences, general; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial