This paper deals with the problem of optimal dynamic routing in WDM optical networks with wavelength-changing facilities available at some of the nodes. The route may be either a lightpath (i.e., wavelength continuous channel) or a semi-lightpath (i.e., wavelength-converted channel). We attempt to estimate in this work the gain in blocking probability, when we move from lightpath routing to semi-lightpath routing, keeping the number of wavelengths fixed, in a given circuit switched network. We ensure optimal (minimum cost) routing in both the cases by using the algorithm of Banerjee et al. [7,8] (called Algorithm-I in this paper) for lightpaths and that of Chlamtac et al.  (called Algorithm-II) for semi-lightpaths. Our results indicate that, for both the algorithms, the blocking probability (P B), as expected, increases with network load. At light load, P B for Algorithm-I is always larger than that for Algorithm-II. But the rate of increase in P B is slightly higher in case of Algorithm-II, so that there is a crossover point where P B for Algorithm-II exceeds P B for Algorithm-I. This probably happens due to the irregularities in the semi-lightpaths at heavy loads when almost all routes are exhausted in the network. However, since this crossover phenomenon occurs at a very congested status of the network, it has little significance over the real life operation of a network. It only suffices to indicate that, under heavy load, both the algorithms are equally insufficient, and conversion does not improve the situation as might have been expected intuitively.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 8, 2004
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