Light extinction technique for void fraction measurements in bubbly flow

Light extinction technique for void fraction measurements in bubbly flow  The analysis of the scattering induced by a dispersion of gas bubbles in a liquid medium on a collimated, monochromatic light beam, traversing the two-phase flow, allows for the direct measurement of the 2-D distribution of the line-average of the interfacial area density. The 2-D distribution of the line-average of the void fraction is deduced from that of the interfacial area density through an image processing algorithm. To demonstrate the technique, experiments are performed in a pool of water injected with air and illuminated with a CW argon ion laser. Since the bubble diameters range from a fraction of a millimeter to a few millimeters, the scattering processes are entirely in the Mie range. The limits of applicability of the technique and the measurement uncertainty are discussed. The results compare favorably with level-swell based measurements used as a reference. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Light extinction technique for void fraction measurements in bubbly flow

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480050261
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 The analysis of the scattering induced by a dispersion of gas bubbles in a liquid medium on a collimated, monochromatic light beam, traversing the two-phase flow, allows for the direct measurement of the 2-D distribution of the line-average of the interfacial area density. The 2-D distribution of the line-average of the void fraction is deduced from that of the interfacial area density through an image processing algorithm. To demonstrate the technique, experiments are performed in a pool of water injected with air and illuminated with a CW argon ion laser. Since the bubble diameters range from a fraction of a millimeter to a few millimeters, the scattering processes are entirely in the Mie range. The limits of applicability of the technique and the measurement uncertainty are discussed. The results compare favorably with level-swell based measurements used as a reference.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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