Light-dependent changes in plastid differentiation influence carotenoid gene expression and accumulation in carrot roots

Light-dependent changes in plastid differentiation influence carotenoid gene expression and... Carrot is an important nutritional crop due to the high levels of pro-vitamin A carotenoids (β-carotene and, to a lower extent, α-carotene) that accumulate in its storage root during secondary growth. In this work we show that in carrots, contrary to that reported for aerial organs of other plant species, light has a profound effect on root development by inhibiting root thickening, preventing the differentiation of chromoplasts and eventually repressing the expression of most genes required for the biosynthesis of β-carotene and α-carotene and to a lesser extent genes for xanthophylls and apocarotenoids biosynthesis. We observed a correlation in the carotenoid profile and the patterns of gene expression during the development of root segments grown either in the light or in the dark, which suggests a transcriptional regulation for carotenoid synthesis during carrot root development. Furthermore, our work supports the conclusion that the differentiation of chromoplasts coincides with carotenoid accumulation during the later stages of development of underground storage roots. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Light-dependent changes in plastid differentiation influence carotenoid gene expression and accumulation in carrot roots

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-012-9893-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Carrot is an important nutritional crop due to the high levels of pro-vitamin A carotenoids (β-carotene and, to a lower extent, α-carotene) that accumulate in its storage root during secondary growth. In this work we show that in carrots, contrary to that reported for aerial organs of other plant species, light has a profound effect on root development by inhibiting root thickening, preventing the differentiation of chromoplasts and eventually repressing the expression of most genes required for the biosynthesis of β-carotene and α-carotene and to a lesser extent genes for xanthophylls and apocarotenoids biosynthesis. We observed a correlation in the carotenoid profile and the patterns of gene expression during the development of root segments grown either in the light or in the dark, which suggests a transcriptional regulation for carotenoid synthesis during carrot root development. Furthermore, our work supports the conclusion that the differentiation of chromoplasts coincides with carotenoid accumulation during the later stages of development of underground storage roots.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 18, 2012

References

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