Light and electron microscopic studies on the retina of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata)

Light and electron microscopic studies on the retina of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata) The retinal structure of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata) was investigated using light and electron microscopy. Particular attention is paid to the main ultrastructural features of the receptor cells. This study reveals six distinct varieties of cones. Unequal double cones differ in shape, structure, and length and are comprised by principal long and accessory short members. Principal member contains a green oil droplet and accessory member contains a paraboloid and a pale green droplet. Four types of single cones are distinguished on the basis of their morphology and oil droplets: red, green, blue, and ultraviolet. Cones outnumber rods in all regions. Two types of horizontal cells and several morphological types of amacrine cells are abundant. A large number of bipolar cells are divided into long longitudinal rows by Müller cell processes, a prominent feature of this retina. These processes extend through the external limiting membrane to reach the ellipsoid region of the cones. Moreover, thick processes divide the inner nuclear and plexiform layers and surround the myelinated ganglion cell axons at fairly regular intervals. In the ganglion cell layer and optic nerve fibre layer, abundant oligodendrocytes are present, close to the myelinated axons. The morphological characteristics of this retina indicate that A. pennata have good colour discrimination, a complex visual processing to mediate contrast and motion and an elevated acuity in areas of high cell densities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Zoomorphology Springer Journals

Light and electron microscopic studies on the retina of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/light-and-electron-microscopic-studies-on-the-retina-of-the-booted-eCK75yykRk
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Life Sciences; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology; Developmental Biology; Evolutionary Biology; Animal Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
ISSN
0720-213X
eISSN
1432-234X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00435-017-0373-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The retinal structure of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata) was investigated using light and electron microscopy. Particular attention is paid to the main ultrastructural features of the receptor cells. This study reveals six distinct varieties of cones. Unequal double cones differ in shape, structure, and length and are comprised by principal long and accessory short members. Principal member contains a green oil droplet and accessory member contains a paraboloid and a pale green droplet. Four types of single cones are distinguished on the basis of their morphology and oil droplets: red, green, blue, and ultraviolet. Cones outnumber rods in all regions. Two types of horizontal cells and several morphological types of amacrine cells are abundant. A large number of bipolar cells are divided into long longitudinal rows by Müller cell processes, a prominent feature of this retina. These processes extend through the external limiting membrane to reach the ellipsoid region of the cones. Moreover, thick processes divide the inner nuclear and plexiform layers and surround the myelinated ganglion cell axons at fairly regular intervals. In the ganglion cell layer and optic nerve fibre layer, abundant oligodendrocytes are present, close to the myelinated axons. The morphological characteristics of this retina indicate that A. pennata have good colour discrimination, a complex visual processing to mediate contrast and motion and an elevated acuity in areas of high cell densities.

Journal

ZoomorphologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 18, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off