Environ Dev Sustain https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0179-y Life cycle assessment tool of electricity generation in Portugal 1 2 2 3 António A. Martins · Marta Simaria · Joaquim Barbosa · Ricardo Barbosa · 3 4 1 1,2 Daniela T. Silva · Cristina S. Rocha · Teresa M. Mata · Nídia S. Caetano Received: 13 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract This article presents and describes the LCA4Power tool, developed in this work to assess the potential environmental impacts, as, for example, the contribution to global warming, of electricity generation in continental Portugal, not considering the Madeira and Azores archipelagos. Based on a life cycle perspective, the tool considers the life cycles of various available technologies for producing electricity, on a cradle-to-gate perspective, excluding distribution and final use. It was implemented in MS Excel™ using emission factors obtained from the literature and other sources, instead of raw life cycle inventory data. The current version of the tool includes wind and hydroelectric power as renewable energy sources, and thermal and combined heat and power generation from fossil fuels as non-renewable energy sources. The combination of the aforementioned electricity gen- eration technologies is responsible for more than 90% of the electricity generated in con- tinental Portugal. Results were
"Environment, Development and Sustainability" – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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