ISSN 1063-0740, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2006, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 206. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text © N.I. Selin, 2006, published in Biologiya Morya. BOOK REVIEWS Levin, V.S. and Korobkov, V.A., Morskie ezhi Rossii. Biologiya, promysel, ispol’zovanie (Sea Urchins of Russia: Biology, Fishery and Use), Saint Petersburg: DORN, 2003, 256 pp. DOI: 10.1134/S1063074006030114 This is the second book by these well-known data on sea urchin landings in waters of Russia are authors (see Levin, V.S. and Korobkov, V.A., Ekologiya given for different regions: Barents Sea, Primorye, the shel’fa: problemy promysla donnykh organizmov Kuril Islands, and others. Particular attention is given [Ecology of the Shelf: Problems of Fishing of Benthic not only to ﬁshing efﬁciency, but also to ecological Organisms], Saint Petersburg: Elmor, 1998, 224 pp.). implications of sea urchin ﬁshing. Problems of ﬁshery This monograph contains collected data on the biology management and illegal harvesting of sea urchins are and ﬁshery of sea urchins in the seas of Russia: discussed. Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, S. intermedius, The third part of the book, which is no less informa- S. nudus, S. pallidus, S. polyacanthus, Echinarachnius tive, presents data on reproduction of commercial sea parma, Scaphechinus mirabilis, S. griseus, and S. bryk- urchin stock: scientiﬁc bases (conservation of gene ovi. The book consists of an introduction, four parts, pool, principles of mariculture, amelioration of habi- conclusion, and an extensive list of literature including tats) and practice of stock reproduction (selection and over 550 references to Russian and foreign investiga- production of inexpensive but effective feeds for culti- tors. vated sea urchins, rearing, and transplantation mea- sures). The ﬁrst, largest part, preceded by a brief glossary of The fourth part of the monograph is concerned with morpho-anatomical terms, deals with morphology, sys- various uses of sea urchins. Nutritional properties of tematics, habitats (depth, substrate, hydrodynamic con- foods from sea urchin eggs and technological details of ditions), mode of life (ecological features, role in bot- their manufacturing are considered. The authors pro- tom communities, predators, parasites, and diseases), vide an extensive body of information about sea urchins reproduction (gametogenesis, spawning), develop- as useful material for obtaining biologically active sub- ment, and growth of sea urchins, starting with the larval stances and medicinal products. The last and most stage. Keys for the identiﬁcation of pluteus larvae of important chapter of this part is devoted to the use of several species of sea urchins are provided. sea urchins in environment quality biotesting. The second part of the book is an analysis of sea The book is well written, illustrated with about 40 urchin ﬁshing. The authors provide estimates of sea ﬁgures, and contains 25 tables. It is intended for spe- urchin landings in different countries, among them cialists in ﬁshing, reproduction, and processing of Japan, China, South Korea, the United States, Canada, marine organisms; for biologists, students of ﬁsheries, etc., as well as the dynamics of the world’s sea urchin biology and ﬁshing departments; and for anyone inter- landings during the last two decades and for some spe- ested in the nature of the sea. cies, from the middle of the past century. In addition, Deceased. N.I. Selin
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 5, 2006
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