This paper aims to provide new empirical evidence on a major corporate governance issue: the relationship between leverage and corporate performance. We propose two major findings to this literature by applying frontier efficiency techniques to measure performance of medium-sized firms from seven European countries. A maximum likelihood procedure is used to estimate a stochastic cost frontier and the parameters of an equation relating cost inefficiency to leverage simultaneously. We find that the relationship between leverage and corporate performance varies across countries, which tends to support the influence of institutional factors on this link. We then suggest the influence of the efficiency of the legal system and in a lesser degree of the access to bank credit on the relationship between leverage and corporate performance.
Small Business Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 17, 2007
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