Lectins of the Nicotiana tabacum pollen grain walls stimulating in vitro pollen germination

Lectins of the Nicotiana tabacum pollen grain walls stimulating in vitro pollen germination Proteins diffusing from tobacco pollen grains into external medium, being inactivated by low temperature (0°C), were shown to stimulate pollen germination in vitro. Fractionation of these proteins by affinity chromatography using α-D-methylmannopyranoside (MMP) immobilized on agarose resulted in the isolation of lectins stimulating germination. The mol wts of these lectins were estimated by SDS-PAGE as 58, 69, and 74 kD. A stimulatory effect of these lectins was determined by their specific interaction with carbohydrate determinants because a competitive sugar (0.3 M MMP) suppressed completely lectin effect on germination. Polyvalent lectins capable of erythrocyte agglutination were also found among diffused proteins. These lectins are glycoproteins with Glu/Man carbohydrate determinants. MMP did not affect their capability of agglutination. This finding permits a conclusion that pollen grain wall contains lectins differing in their carbohydrate specificity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Lectins of the Nicotiana tabacum pollen grain walls stimulating in vitro pollen germination

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443707050081
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Proteins diffusing from tobacco pollen grains into external medium, being inactivated by low temperature (0°C), were shown to stimulate pollen germination in vitro. Fractionation of these proteins by affinity chromatography using α-D-methylmannopyranoside (MMP) immobilized on agarose resulted in the isolation of lectins stimulating germination. The mol wts of these lectins were estimated by SDS-PAGE as 58, 69, and 74 kD. A stimulatory effect of these lectins was determined by their specific interaction with carbohydrate determinants because a competitive sugar (0.3 M MMP) suppressed completely lectin effect on germination. Polyvalent lectins capable of erythrocyte agglutination were also found among diffused proteins. These lectins are glycoproteins with Glu/Man carbohydrate determinants. MMP did not affect their capability of agglutination. This finding permits a conclusion that pollen grain wall contains lectins differing in their carbohydrate specificity.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 14, 2007

References

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