Leaf acclimation to experimental climate warming in meadow plants of different functional types

Leaf acclimation to experimental climate warming in meadow plants of different functional types The use of open-top chambers (OTCs) installed in natural plant cover is one of the approaches to study plant responses to climate change. Three OTCs made from polyethylene film were installed on a herbgrass meadow in the subzone of the southern taiga before the beginning of the growing season. A significant increase in the average daily temperature values (by 0.5°C) and the relative humidity (by 10%) compared to control conditions was observed inside the chambers. Plant height, leaf parameters, and the pigments content were studied for six species of meadow plants during the growing season in two variants—inside the chamber and outside the chamber (control); more than 20 quantitative parameters of the mesophyll were studied for four of the species. It was found that the differences in microclimatic conditions had no effect on plant height and leaf area. A slight decrease in the thickness and density of the leaves and an increased water content were noted inside the OTCs. In contrast to weak changes in external leaf parameters, the internal leaf structure and the content of photosynthetic pigments varied considerably. Warming caused the reduction of the content of chlorophyll and carotenoids per unit leaf area in the majority of studied species, except for Veronica chamaedrys L., but the ratio of pigment forms did not change. Changes in the pigments content in the leaf were associated with some structural rearrangements in the mesophyll, whose mechanism depended on the functional properties of the species. Increased size of palisade cells and the number of chloroplasts per cell was noted in the ruderal species (R/CSR-strategist) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. s. l.; the reduction of chlorophyll content per leaf area occurred due to the decrease in chlorophyll content per a single chloroplast. Decreased number of cells and chloroplasts per leaf unit area without any changes in their size was marked for the species with S/CSR strategy Alchemilla vulgaris L. s. 1. and V. chamaedrys L. in a chamber, but the content of chlorophyll per a chloroplast increased. An increase in the number of cells and a simultaneous decrease in their size was observed in CR-strategist Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. inside the OTC; the chlorophyll content per chloroplast did not change. It was concluded that the acclimation of plants to short-term climate warming was associated with the restructuring of leaf mesophyll, whose mechanism depended on the functional properties of the species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Leaf acclimation to experimental climate warming in meadow plants of different functional types

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/leaf-acclimation-to-experimental-climate-warming-in-meadow-plants-of-aEWhoY5LLK
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144371605006X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The use of open-top chambers (OTCs) installed in natural plant cover is one of the approaches to study plant responses to climate change. Three OTCs made from polyethylene film were installed on a herbgrass meadow in the subzone of the southern taiga before the beginning of the growing season. A significant increase in the average daily temperature values (by 0.5°C) and the relative humidity (by 10%) compared to control conditions was observed inside the chambers. Plant height, leaf parameters, and the pigments content were studied for six species of meadow plants during the growing season in two variants—inside the chamber and outside the chamber (control); more than 20 quantitative parameters of the mesophyll were studied for four of the species. It was found that the differences in microclimatic conditions had no effect on plant height and leaf area. A slight decrease in the thickness and density of the leaves and an increased water content were noted inside the OTCs. In contrast to weak changes in external leaf parameters, the internal leaf structure and the content of photosynthetic pigments varied considerably. Warming caused the reduction of the content of chlorophyll and carotenoids per unit leaf area in the majority of studied species, except for Veronica chamaedrys L., but the ratio of pigment forms did not change. Changes in the pigments content in the leaf were associated with some structural rearrangements in the mesophyll, whose mechanism depended on the functional properties of the species. Increased size of palisade cells and the number of chloroplasts per cell was noted in the ruderal species (R/CSR-strategist) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. s. l.; the reduction of chlorophyll content per leaf area occurred due to the decrease in chlorophyll content per a single chloroplast. Decreased number of cells and chloroplasts per leaf unit area without any changes in their size was marked for the species with S/CSR strategy Alchemilla vulgaris L. s. 1. and V. chamaedrys L. in a chamber, but the content of chlorophyll per a chloroplast increased. An increase in the number of cells and a simultaneous decrease in their size was observed in CR-strategist Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. inside the OTC; the chlorophyll content per chloroplast did not change. It was concluded that the acclimation of plants to short-term climate warming was associated with the restructuring of leaf mesophyll, whose mechanism depended on the functional properties of the species.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 19, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off