Lateral roots are initiated from the pericycle cells of other types of roots and remain in contact with these roots throughout their life span. Although this physical contact has the potential to permit the exchange of signals, little is known about the flow of information from the lateral roots to the primary root. To begin to study these interactions the proteome of the primary root system of the maize (Zea mays L.) lrt1 mutant, which does not initiate lateral roots, was compared with the corresponding proteome of wild-type seedlings 9 days after germination. Approximately 150 soluble root proteins were resolved by two-dimensional electrophoresis and analyzed by MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry and database searching. The 96 most abundant proteins from a pH 4–7 gradient were analyzed; 67 proteins representing 47 different Genbank accessions were identified. Interestingly, 10 (15/150) of the detected proteins were preferentially expressed in lrt1 roots that lack lateral roots. Eight of these lrt1-specific proteins were identified and four are involved in lignin metabolism. This study demonstrates for the first time the influence of lateral roots on the proteome of the primary root system. To our knowledge this is the first study to demonstrate an interaction between two plant organs (viz., lateral and primary roots) at the level of the proteome.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 4, 2004
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