A simple, robust, and accurate imaging technique is proposed to measure granular concentration profiles in channel flows of liquid-granular mixtures. We focus on moderate to high granular concentrations (5–50%), for which optical access is restricted to regions close to a transparent wall. To measure concentrations in this range, we illuminate solid grains moving near the wall using a transverse laser light sheet. The evolving shape of the laser stripe, deformed by passing grains, is then monitored using an oblique camera. Statistics of the granular distance to wall can thus be acquired and converted to volumetric solid fraction measurements. The method is verified using fluidization cell tests and applied to open-channel sheet flow experiments. Free of any parameter adjustment, the laser stripe method is found to yield good results, and allows joint measurements of granular velocity and solid fraction profiles.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 23, 2010
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