Insect-borne diseases remain to this day a major source of illness and death worldwide. The resistance to chemical insecticides among mosquito species has been considered as a setback in vector control. Mosquito control programs, botanical origin may have the potential to eliminate eggs and larvae. So, the larvicidal and ovicidal activities of crude benzene, hexane, ethyl acetate, chloroform and methanol extracts of Terminalia chebula were assayed for their toxicity against three important vector mosquitoes, viz., Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus. The larval mortality was observed after 24 h of exposure. All extracts showed moderate larvicidal effects; however, the highest larval mortality was found in the methanol extract of T. chebula against the larvae of A. stephensi, A. aegypti, and C. quinquefasciatus with the LC50 values were 87.13, 93.24 and 111.98 ppm, respectively. Mean percent hatchability of the ovicidal activity was observed 48 h post treatment. The percent hatchability was inversely proportional to the concentration of extract and directly proportional to the eggs. All the five solvent extracts showed moderate ovicidal activity; however, the maximum egg mortality (zero hatchability) was observed in the methanol extract of T. chebula at 200 and 250 ppm against A. stephensi, A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus showed 100% mortality at 300 ppm. No mortality was recorded in the control. The finding of the present investigation revealed that the leaf extract of Terminalia chebula possesses remarkable larvicidal and ovicidal activity against medically important vector mosquitoes and make this plant product promising as an alternative to synthetic insecticide in mosquito control programs.
Journal of Parasitic Diseases – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 10, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera