Landslide investigations in Russia and the former USSR
Received: 17 October 2016 / Accepted: 11 November 2016 / Published online: 28 November 2016
Ó Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016
Abstract Landslide hazard has always been a focus of research of scientiﬁc and industrial
organizations in Russia, as well as the former Soviet Union . This research included a
broad spectrum of studies of landslide processes based on monitoring data collected at
specialized stations nationwide, as well as the data collected and analyzed by various
government and academic research institutions. The current study summarizes a vast body
of knowledge encompassing an inventory of landslide cases, overview of mechanisms of
landslide development and monitoring and slope stability assessments. It presents a new
mechanism-based landslide classiﬁcation and proposes a practical method of increasing
slope resistance. Partial ﬁndings have been previously presented in numerous publications.
We believe these ﬁndings have a worldwide signiﬁcance and can be applied in different
regions of our planet.
Keywords Landslides Á Russian landslide researchers Á Landslide mechanisms Á Landslide
First scientiﬁc publications dealing with landslide problem in Russia go back to the
nineteenth century. However, major damage caused by large landslides has been histori-
cally documented even earlier. Landsliding caused signiﬁcant destruction of historical
structures. For example, catastrophic development of a deep landslide in the slope of Volga
This research is supported by Russian Scientiﬁc Foundation (Project No 16-17-00125).
& German Postoev
Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience of Russian Academy of Sciences (IEG RAS),
Ulanskii pereulok, 13/2, Moscow, Russia 101000
Nat Hazards (2017) 88:S81–S101